Podkamien is a small town in Poland, formally of the province of Galicia and currently located near the town of Brody, Ukraine.
Podkamien means “at the foot of the rock,” with kamien meaning “rock” and “pod” meaning foot. Podkamien takes its name from the town’s two overhanging rocks, under which a church was built.
BRIEF TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF PODKAMIEN
- Pre-WWI: Podkamien is under Austrian rule.
- 1916-1920: Podkamieners evacuated to Austria or Hungary. After the war, many inhabitants emigrated.
- Post-WWI: Poland is reconstituted and Podkamien returns to Polish control.
- 1939: Russia takes over the area of Poland where Podkamien is located. Russia and Germany split Poland between themselves in the Molitov-Ribbentrop pact.
- 1941: Germany invades Podkamien and breaks the pact.
- 1942: The remaining Jewish community is deported to the Brody Ghetto.
- 1943: Brody Ghetto is liquidated. Inhabitants are taken to the Majdanek concentration camp.
- 1944: Podkamien is liberated by the Soviet Union.
(Photo: Podkamien memorial in Israel)